Known for their incredible strength (they can carry 10-50 times their weight!!), their resourcefulness and their spirit of community, the annoyingly persistent ant manages to inspire humans with their eusocial nature while causing significant damage to human property.
Studies have shown that ants have been around since the period of Dinosaurs and are still thriving, proving that size does not matter. With over 10 trillion ants in the world, it is estimated that there are approximately over 1 million ants per human being right now.
Out of over 12,000 species of ants that have been classified so far, 4-5 types are especially more common in UAE –
One of the oldest known human parasites, bed bugs are nocturnal creatures that live off the blood of humans and pets. This pest has become a growing concern in recent times due to more travel globally and resistance being shown to certain traditional pesticides.
There are two types of bed bugs that are commonly found in human habitats –
Firstly, bed bugs are not a sign of poor sanitation. They can be found in any space that sees a lot of travelers including hotels, poorly ventilated accommodations and hostels. They also find themselves in vehicles, luggage and even second-hand clothing or furniture.
With evidence to indicate that they have been in existence for over 300 million years, the highly adaptable and resilient Cockroach is now found in every continent of the world including Antarctica.
Out of 4600 cockroach species, about 30 of them have been associated with human habitats. They are nocturnal creatures that thrive on social interaction. They communicate with each other and tend to send signals of food sources to fellow cockroaches using pheromones due to which they manage to aggregate and co-exist effectively.
Some of the most prevalent species found in human habitats are –
The average size of this creature ranges from 1 inch to 2.5 inches and even though most species are equipped with wings, very few species have been known to fly.
The most common type found in the UAE is the German cockroach. It is found indoors and prefers a warmer environment but can survive cold weather. Their color varies between Tan-Dark brown and can be distinguished by two parallel, dark stripes behind the head.
The three most common types of fleas are –
The most common types of moths are the
Spiders are air-breathing creatures that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs able to inject venom. There are about 40,000 known species of spiders. Most spiders use a web to catch their prey, which are usually insects. Spiders create silk from spinneret glands in their abdomen that is extremely strong.
The seven most common types of house spiders are the
Ticks are typically 3 to 5 mm long. They are external parasites, living by feeding on the blood of mammals, birds, and sometimes reptiles and amphibians. Ticks are widely distributed around the world, especially in warm, humid climates. Adults have ovoid or pear-shaped bodies, which become engorged with blood when they feed, and eight legs. Ticks find their hosts by detecting animals’ breath and body odors, or by sensing body heat, moisture, and vibrations. They are incapable of flying or jumping, but many tick species particularly lie in wait in a position known as “questing”. While questing, ticks cling to leaves and grasses by their third and fourth pairs of legs.
The two most common types of ticks are the